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Fitzpatrick & Weller

Fitzpatrick & Weller, Inc.

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Fitzpatrick & Weller
Fitzpatrick & Weller

Fitzpatrick & Weller
12 Mill Street
P.O.Box 490
Ellicottville, New York 14731
Phone 716-699-2393
Fax 716-699-2893

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Sep 27

Written by: Fitzweller Administrator
9/27/2010 7:02 AM 

I. Thou shalt protect thyself at all times.
“Safety first” should be a motto for every person who finishes (or refinishes or restores) wood — no exceptions. Always wear protective clothing when sanding or spraying, plus goggles, gloves and respirators. It is far better to feel uncomfortable because of this gear than it is to incur a severe health problem down the line.

II. Thou shalt read and follow all directions carefully.
The information on product labels is there for a reason: The recommendations have been tested and are known to work. In addition, if you follow directions and still have problems, you will be better prepared to discuss a product’s performance with your supplier. Information is power: Use it.

III. If you are required to strip off an old finish, thou shalt scrub the stripped furniture with a wash solvent to remove any remaining residue.
Any residue of the stripper or the old finish on the surface will reveal itself in the final finish as random glossy areas. The tricky part is that such residue usually does not show up until the coatings are applied.

IV. Thou shalt allow wood to dry completely after stripping before making any repairs or applying new finishing materials.
Wood that has been stripped must be allowed to stabilize with respect to relative humidity and the ambient temperature of your shop. Otherwise, changes in moisture content that occur after a repair is completed, a stain is added or a new finish is applied, may result in finish failure or other unsatisfactory results.

V. Thou shalt complete repairs before finishing.
Finishing means just that. It makes little sense to apply colors, sealers and topcoats to pieces that have not been structurally repaired or that have surfaces that have not been properly prepared. Fix nicks and scratches, replace veneer, fabricate and install missing parts — and do it all before you start working on color or building the finish.

VI. Thou shalt select sandpaper of the proper grit for use before staining or coating wood.
Abrasives with low grit designations can leave unwanted marks on wood and should be avoided. Be sure to progress through grit sizes from low (never lower than 100) to high (fine grit) as you prepare the wood surface for a new finish.

VII. Thou shalt write dates of receipt on all containers of finishing products.
Bad material will not work, so do not use it. Rotate your inventory and use the older containers first, and be sure not to use outdated material. Also, store your chemicals in clean, vented metal cabinets.

VIII. Thou shalt thoroughly mix and strain all liquids, including solvents and coatings.
Solidified particles of resin and pigments, for example, can cause severe problems in applying colors and topcoats. Mixing and straining will save you time, materials and frustration in the long run.

IX. Thou shalt allow stains and colorants to dry completely before applying a sealer or topcoat.
Stains and other colorants that are not allowed to dry completely will behave the same as wet wood and can cause a variety of defects in the finish, including blushing, pinholes or softness.

X. Thou shalt sand every coat of sealer and topcoat with 220-grit sandpaper or higher.
If you are applying a glossy finish, you may want to go higher in grit rating. The finer the grit, the fewer the grit-abrasion patterns and the smoother the surface. Do it right, and light will reflect more brilliantly from a glossier surface.


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